Mob Violence, Riots and Pogroms against African American Communities (1824-1974)
About this Project
We have sought to collate a comprehensive record of white mob violence that collectively punished African American communities across the United States. While the thousands of lynchings that occurred were also a form of racial terrorism against the African American community we have generally excluded them from this project. See the Equal Justice Initiative report for full data about lynchings (the New York Times have mapped this here). Where lynchings have been included they are generally crimes which were especially perpetrated to terrorise the wider community. See the lynching in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1927 where the body of the victim was dragged into the middle of the African American area and burnt.
Framed by racism, segregation and white supremacism, these violent incidents cover almost every aspect of American society. Housing, military, labour, unions, politics, business, religion, justice, police enforcement, education, and immigration. Thus we believe this data traces white supremacist efforts to assert dominance and control using terror and violence over a circa 200 year period.
Our work was well received and was even the subject of a post by Rebecca Onion for Slate magazine.
But unfortunately in December 2018 Google announced that they were going to shut down Fusion Tables, the free resource which we used to build our map and database. In December 2019 this was acted on and our project and data became immediately inaccessible to the public. In the future we hope to migrate the project to a new home and free mapping resource, or alternatively for the result of our labour to be formally adopted by an institution. In the meantime I’ve posted our research on Medium in tabulated form so that it can continue to be of use to researchers and the wider public for educational purposes.
Suggest an incident to be added or a correction
This project is an ongoing effort and we welcome all suggestions. Please get in touch by using the contact form below, or alternatively you can contact me on twitter. If you wish to suggest an incident that fits our criteria or if you have noticed an error then please let us know.
Collective Punishment: Mob Violence, Riots and Pogroms against African American Communities by Liam Hogan et al is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Project Manager and Lead Researcher
Liam Hogan (@Limerick1914)
John Levin, Phenderson Clarke, Ramon Jackson, Anthony Watkins II, Adam Fox